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3.   Further Validation of Gregorian Dating


It has been asserted in the preceding chapters that we may already have the means to plot the exact position of the mysterious date-references in the Genesis Flood account.

In the chapter, Seeking an Actual Date for the Flood, it was demonstrated that the Gregorian calendar, applied proleptically to the past, is uniquely qualified among calendars to satisfactorily accommodate all the time-clues found in Genesis 7 & 8.

Further, since this hypothetical calendar flows seamlessly from then until now, time calculations are made possible-- allowing the many interesting results which have already been generated.  (see Time-chart)

A date was singled out for the Flood, which received support from evidence both numerical (dayspans) and circumstantial (astronomy & history).

The subsequent chapter, Seeking an Actual Date for Creation, built a case for one Creation date candidate, based on time intervals built around the theorized Flood date.  Supporting evidence was also offered from math and from astronomy.

The nature of the  "Further Validation" –

In the two previous chhapters, the Gregorian calendar has shown compatability with the Genesis Flood-dates.

In this chapter, these dates will seemingly point specifically at  the Gregorian calendar.

A new source for daycounts?

Events in Biblical history seem randomly plotted on the Gregorian "map".  Nothing seems to happen on nice even dates, such as on January 1 or in the year 1000 BC .  For instance, the birth of Jesus occurred in the seemingly odd year of 7 BC...  The Flood began at mid-month, on the 17th.

So far in our study of the timing of Biblical events, daycounts have been measured between:

[ seemingly-random-date X ]  and  [ seemingly-random-date Y ]
...which fall at seemingly "random" spots on the great number-line of time:

There may exist, however, a number of perhaps undiscovered dayspans... which seem to anchor themselves at tell-tale signature intervals, from certain "mooring points" bearing unarguably unique significance as "Gregorian calendar" ticks on this great numberline:

[ Gregorian-boundary-date ]  and  [ seemingly-random-date X ]

Benchmark dates

In the realm of surveying and mapmaking, frequent use is made of pre-positioned reference points, set permanently in place long ago by government crews.  These "benchmarks" convey the location and elevation for the exact spot each marker occupies.  They are set permanently in cement, with the data stamped onto their hard metal surface.

Such benchmarks may be next to an official building, or in the middle of nowhere-- yet each is denoted on highly accurate topographical maps, never used by most people.  The letters "BM", and a number denoting the elevation, appear next to a "+" symbol, denoting the marker's position.

When determining the elevation or location of a spot, a surveyor can use the elevation or location of a nearby benchmark as a basis point for the new measurement.  Thus, a point in question may be determined to be 10 feet, 6 inches above a nearby benchmark.  If the benchmark says Elevation 724 Feet, the new spot is 724 feet above sea level, plus an extra 10' 6" above that.

Dates as benchmarks

Dates on a calendar can also be regarded as benchmarks.  Take the date 5-16-1977.  This date can be expressed:

    |  1977.0 years  |       |  135 days        |
    |                |   +   |                  |
    |    benchmark   |       |  "distance"      |
    |                |       |  from benchmark  |

This principle can be stretched further:

1977 = 6 years after the previous benchmark decade*

1971 = 70 years after the previous benchmark century

1901 = 900 years after the previous benchmark millennium

1001 = 1000 years after the first year (1 AD)
* with AD dates, the first year of a new cycle starts at '1, '01, '001... at the completion of the previous 10, 100, or 1000 years

Technically, "1977.0" (above) serves as a "benchmark-day" for the 365 days that follow; though in this study, we focus entirely on "benchmark years":  those ending in "1" (for AD) and "0" (for BC).

The year-values we seek to explore are the junction points between decades, centuries, and millennia :

        Examples of Decade, Century, and Millennial Benchmark Years




AD 31 591 2011 601 1901 2001
BC 4990 220 40 4900 700 5000

Benchmark years, like other years, begin at 1-1 (January 1).  This date serves as the common point from which daycounts to other dates are measured.

In taking the Genesis Flood "dates" as literal Gregorian dates, 1-1 achieves Biblical significance:

Genesis 8:13  And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth:  and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.
The specific import this bestows upon January 1 is not to be explored here.  It may serve minimally to show that with God, the first-of-the-year is of some importance.

The entire topic of "benchmark dates", to include the name, may be new; the ideas presented here are merely attempts to analyze examples such as those shown below. 

Examples of "benchmark-dating" around Biblical events

A review of this tendency of Biblical dates to point at dividing lines in our own calendar, may help validate the underlying proposition of the preceding study papers:  namely, a literal, modern-calendar interpretation of the Genesis Flood "dates".

3700 Days

      1-1-       2-17-                  1-1-       2-17

      5000       4990                   2001       2011

       |          |                      |          |
       |          |                      |          |

   Millennium   Flood?               Millennium   Flood
   begins                            begins       anniv.?

From the century/millennia benchmark date before the Flood,  to  the Flood itself:

1-1-5000 BC - 2-17-4990 = 3700 incl

From the Flood,  to  the century/millennia benchmark date before the End:
2-17-4990 BC - 1-1-2001 = 3700 x 3 x 10 x 23 incl.

                        =          2,553,000 

                        =          2,400,000
                                +    153,000

From the final century/millennia benchmark date,  to  the 7000th anniversary of the Flood:
(literally, the exact anniversary, if Gregorian dating may indeed be used)
1-1-2001 AD - 2-17-2011 = 3700 incl

From the first Easter in the last century/millennium,  until the Latter rain ends:
4-3-2001 AD - 5-21-2011 = 3700

The evening fireball of 11-16-1999,  to  January 1, 2010*:
* Start of the last complete year; one seeming to have an elevated tempo of natural disasters.
11-16-1999 - 1-1-2010 = 3700 incl

The life of Jesus

We know with reasonable certainty that Jesus was born on 10-2-7 BC.

The benchmark date 1-1-7 BC is almost exactly nine months prior to His birth.  (274 days = 9.0023 avg. Gregorian months)

Though it is not possible to date with certainty the actual beginning of Jesus' existence in the womb, we find that when studying this date of 1-1-7 BC, certain time relationships develop:

1.  On checking several nearby benchmark dates, we find the following structure:

 1-1-10 BC  -   1- 1-7 BC  = 1096 not-incl =   8   x   137 *
 1-1-10 BC  -  10- 2-7 BC  = 1370 not-incl =  10   x   137
 1-1- 7 BC  -   1- 1-1 BC  = 2192     incl =  16   x   137
 1-1- 7 BC  -  10- 2-7 BC  =  274 not-incl =   2   x   137
10-2- 7 BC  -   1- 1-1 BC  = 1918     incl =  14   x   137
10-2- 7 BC  -  10- 2-1 BC  = 2192 not-incl =  16   x   137 
 1-1-10 BC  -   1- 1-1 BC  = 3288     incl =  24   x   137

This data can be illustrated by a diagram:

1-1-                1-1-        10-2-                    **1-1- 
10 BC               7 BC        7 BC                       1 BC 
  |                   |           |                          |
  |                   |           |                          |
  |     4x(9 mo.s)    | 1x(9 mo.s)|       7x(9 mo.s)         |
  |    (3.000 yrs)    |           |                          |

  |                                                          |
  |                                                          |
  |                       12x(9 mo.s)                        |
  |                       (9.000 yrs)                        |

* 137 Is roughly one-third of the 411.78443029-day
Full Moon Cycle (explained in the previous study in this series, Seeking an Actual Date for Creation), and the 9-year period (24 x 137 = 3288 days) closely matches the 3294.28 days in eight Full Moon Cycles.

** The possible significance of 1-1-1 BC is discussed below under the sections, 1-1-1 BC and 3114 BC, immediately following.

2.  Were Jesus' life on earth to have begun on 1-1-7 BC, nine months before His birth, the following interval would result, pointing to the Cross:

1-1-7  -  4-1-33  =  14336 days incl  
BC        AD
                  =  2^11 x 7   

                  =  2^11 weeks

                  =  2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2  weeks

Today, we tend to regard a lifespan as the time from:
[Birth]   until   [Death]

Yet in a true sense, one's days on earth could be counted from:

[Beginning in the womb]   until   [Death]

Can we find Biblical precedent for such inclusive measurement of someone's earthly existence?  The Bible tells us an interesting detail about Samson's lifespan.  Here, Manoah's wife recounts the message given her from the angel of the LORD:

Judges 13:7  But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean thing :  for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.

In God's eyes, Samson's service to God as a Nazarite would encompass the extreme entirety of his days.  Could not Christ's service on earth also deserve such numbering?

On consideration,  the earthly arrival of the long-awaited Savior, albeit in the womb, could be regarded as a monumental time-event, worthy of its own timelines... such as those outlined immediately above.  Truly, this might have marked the moment when "the Word was made Flesh" (John 1:14), and the prophecy, "God with us" (Matthew 1:23), became fulfilled.

It is nothing new that during the prenatal phase, infants may:   declare their existence by activity;  demonstrate their awareness through response;  and even experience emotion.

At the meeting of Mary and Elisabeth in  Luke 1,  the presence of the unborn Jesus caused a joyful response in the unborn John (the Baptist):

Luke 1:44  For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy.

For all of these reasons, Christ's earthly manifestation may be considered to have already started, prior to His actual birth.

A role for December 25th?

Many have become aware in recent years that Jesus was not actually born on December 25, the traditional choice for the celebration of His birth; but rather, on October 2,  7 BC.

Yet the possibility of Christ's genesis in the womb on 1-1-7 BC, as speculated directly above, would place this earliest tangible "arrival" date for the Savior nine months* prior to October 2 on 1-1; curiously, exactly one week from 12-25... which raises the possibility that December 25, 8 BC may have had some importance after all.
From 1-1-7 BC to 10-2-7 = 9.0022 (avg. Gregorian) mos.,  vs.  8.97 mos.  from  1-2-7

Imagine it is late in the year 8 BC, and soon the holy "...LORD God of heaven, the great and terrible God..." (Neh 1:5)  will come face-to-face with the sinful, unclean mankind, corruptly inhabiting His creation.

As 12-25-8 BC arrives, the world now stands seven days away from this ominous encounter of 1-1-7 BC-- which itself is seven years from the AD era.  (...provided, of course, that our thoughts on 1-1-7 BC are correct.)

Might there have transpired some invisible event, some unseen countdown commencing at this one-week mark-- given the high importance placed by the Bible on time cycles of seven?  If so, then December 25 may possess an element of importance after all.

Or perhaps some other, visible event, took place at this time-- such as, for example, the advance visit from the angel to Mary (advance visit, as opposed to co-incidental , as suggested in Luke 2:21).  The entire matter is, of course, purely speculative, based on the limitations of our knowledge.  Yet as we have seen, that which seems accidental, or coincidental, may actually have been guided along and intended of old.

Implications for the Nativity and the "Star in the east"

Could the dates 1-1-7 BC and 12-25-8 BC, potentially tied to the pre-birth arrival of the Savior (as discussed immediately above), have prompted the appearance of "His star in the east"... to herald His arrival to the wise men?  If so, such advance notice could have provided ample time to effect a journey to Bethlehem, in time to witness the newborn Jesus.

1-1-1 BC

While not the actual border of a decade, century, or millennia... 1-1-1 BC does mark Time's arrival at the last year of the BC era:  in effect, the final countdown to the AD era.  Several interesting intervals point to it, including:

1-1-1 BC - 5-21-2011 AD  = 734643 

                         = 3^3 x 7 x 13^2 x 23

     1 BC  -      33 AD  = 33 years    = 3 x 11

 1-1-1 BC  -  4-1-33 AD  = 12144 days  = 2^4 x 3 x 11 x 23

                                       = 276 x 11 x 4

12-24-8 BC* -  1-1-1 BC  = 2200 days incl  = 10^2 x 2 x 11

1-1-1 BC - 2-16-33 AD**  = 12100 days  = 10^2 x 11^2

                                       = 110^2
* 12-24-8 BC, at sundown (the start of evening-morning 12-25-8 BC), marks the one-week point prior to benchmark date 1-1-7 BC-- the nine-month mark before Jesus' birth... explored above in
The life of Jesus).    Regarding 12-25-8 BC, see A role for December 25th? above.

** 2-16-33 AD, at sundown (the start of evening-morning 2-17), marks the 11045th anniversary of the proposed date and time of Creation, explained in the previous study, Seeking an Actual Date for Creation , also on this website.

Also associated with 1-1-1 BC is the 1,137,000-day interval from 1-1-3114 BC (the year discussed immediately below).

3114 BC

In chapter 5 of his book, Time Has an End, author Harold Camping discusses the timing of the dividing of the continents (Genesis 10:25).  He pinpoints the year 3114 as the likely date of this cataclysmic event, based on information from Genesis 10 and from secular evidence.

The dawning of that year, 1-1-3114, may connect to these other dates:

 2-22  7-17  2-27   1-1   1-1
11013  4990  4989  3114  1 BC
   :     :     :           :
   :     :     :           : 
   :     :     :     |--<--|
   :     :     :                      1,100,000     1,000,000
   :     :     :        1,137,000* = +   37,000 or +  137,000**
   :     :     :                                       
   :     :     :     
   :     :     |-->--|    684,775* = 5^2  x 7^2  x 13  x 43 
   :     :            
   :     :            
   :     |-->-->-->--|    685,000* = 5000  x   137* 
   :                               = 5000  x  (100 + 37)
   |-->-->-->-->-->--|  2,885,000* = 5000  x 577
Man created, Day 6

*  (inclusive)
** The number 137 arises in The Life of Jesus, above.

5110 BC

120 Years before the Flood came the warning to prepare.

1-1-5110 Sun  -  2-17-4990 Sun  

  = 43875  

  = 3^3  x  5^3  x  13

  = 15^3  x  13

  = 6.66254639106376 Saros cycles of the Moon

1-1-5110  -  5-21-2011 

  = 2,600,666 

  = 2 x 1,300,000 + 666

  = | 2 (certainty) x 13 (end of world) x 100,000 (complete)
    | + 666 (...great evil?  2/3 not saved?  beast destroyed?)
Catalog of spiritually significant numbers and their associated themes

1-1-1 AD

The first day of 1 AD may logically serve as a key benchmark date, being the dividing line between history BC and history AD.  (The following chapter will examine this very topic.)

Yet since Jesus was not born in 1 AD, but in 7 BC, history would seem to have a seven-year offset, or "error".

This span could easily have been a mistake that God allowed, or even planned, to serve His purposes by:  1. Hiding the actual timing until much later, frustrating research; and  2. possibly to allow the mathematical relationships we see in "benchmark dating" to take their precise form.

Whatever the case, this is the "zero-date" by which God has allowed the world-- in its fascination with Jesus Christ-- to record and divide time by His name.

2-27-4989  -  1-1-1 AD 

  =  1822139 not incl 

  =  11^3 x 37^2

4-3-6 BC (1st Easter pre-anniv. in Christ's life)  -  1-1-1 AD 

  =  2100

1-1-1 AD  -  4-3-33 

  =  11781 incl 

  =  3^2 x 7 x 11 x 17  

  =  Triangular, 153 levels

  =  7 x 11 x 153

1-1-1 AD  -  5-22-33 AD (Pentecost) 

  =  11830 incl  

  =  10 x 7 x 13^2 

1-1-1 AD  -  4-3-95 AD |Possible date for the Revelation:
                       |See Chapter 11
  =  34425              

  =  3^4 x 5^2 x 17  

  =  153 x 15^2

1447 BC

It has been noted by others, that the BC-year of the Exodus from Egypt (1447) is the same highly recognizable factor from the following:

   11013 BC  -  2011 AD  =  13023

                            13023  =  3  x  3  x  1447
Up to now, we have shunned numerical analysis of BC or AD year-values, asserting the "arbitrary" or "random" 7-year offset between BC/AD values, and the true birth of Christ in 7BC.

Yet the very point of this study (on the existence of benchmark-dating) is to assert the non-random, precise timing of this 7-year mismatch, upon which the many above-discussed date-intervals depend for their exact, not-random-seeming values.

Also, as investigated immediately below, this "accidental" mismatch-- or offset-- may be an exact, even seven years.

If the 7-year offset was actually intended by God, to enable the benchmark-to-event intervals highlighted in these studies, and provide correct alignment between our calendar and the Flood/Creation dates, then the number 1447 (the year-interval from Exodus to the benchmark-year 1 AD) could be free to possess numerical significance; in this case, support for the number 13,023.

A perfect seven years between Gregorian and Christ?

If indeed Jesus' life in the womb did begin on 1-1-7 BC (as explored above), then the issue of calendar disparity– between Gregorian and Christ– transforms from curiously awkward... to logically ordered:

  From   10-2-7 BC                  
   to     1-1-1 AD  
     =   6 years, 2 months, 30 days

   -- vs --

  From    1-1-7 BC                  
   to     1-1-1 AD  
     =   7 years, 0 months,  0 days

The next study in this series visits a set of pages from author Harold Camping, looking for possible agreement between his writings, and the emphasis placed on the Gregorian calendar in the studies found here.

John O'Leary /